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Pain Relief in Dogs: How to Avoid Complications and Death

Carprofen for Dogs

Cosmas Nwokafor

The issue of dog anesthesia arises before a doctor not only during surgery, but also in the postoperative period, in injuries and diseases accompanied by pain.

Effective elimination of acute pain in animals at home is almost impossible. In some countries, it is forbidden to prescribe and use narcotic analgesics for animals (morphine, fentanyl, promedol, etc.), which are the most powerful drugs for the relief of pain. Throughout the civilized world, it is narcotic analgesics that relieve severe pain in animals.

What can really help a dog suffering from pain?

Currently, drugs from the group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are available for use by animals. Most of these drugs are intended for the treatment of humans, and only a few are specifically designed for dogs.

Traditionally prescribed medications from this group are:

  • Metamizole (analgin, baralgin, maxigan, etc.)
  • Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)
  • Acetaminophen (panadol, paracetamol)
  • Indomethacin (metindol)
  • Diclofenac (voltaren, diclonat, ortofen)
  • Ketrolak (ketorol, ketrodol)
  • Ketoprofen (ketonal)
  • Vedaprofen (quadrisol)
  • Carprofen (rimadil)

All of these drugs have an analgesic effect of different strengths.

Side effects and complications from the use of NSAIDs are also well-known:

  • Reducing blood clotting.
  • Impaired renal filtration function.
  • Gastritis, ulcers of the stomach and intestines.
  • Gastric and intestinal bleeding.

Unwanted side effects of NSAIDs in dogs manifest themselves in varying degrees depending on the preparation used, the dose, and the duration of use.

Categorically, the use of the following is not recommended for treatment of dogs:

  • Diclofenac (voltaren, ortofen, diclonat)
  • Indomethacin (metindol)
  • Ketrolak (ketorol, ketrodol)

There are very high risks of complications and even death of the animal. In veterinary practice, practitioners regularly face the dire consequences of the use of these drugs.

Most often, they consider Ketoprofen, Vedaprofen, and Carprofen to be the most suitable for anesthetizing dogs.

Ketonal (the active ingredient for Ketoprofen) is a medical drug, and of all the NSAIDs developed for humans, it has the best tolerability (in dogs) in combination with a strong analgesic effect. Ketonal is sold in almost all medical pharmacies. An important advantage of Ketonal is the low price and availability of various dosage forms (capsules, rectal suppositories, solution for injections).

When using Ketonal for pain relief in dogs, it is recommended to stick to a dose of 1 mg/kg of body weight per day as a single dose. The first dose, if necessary, can be increased up to two times. It is not recommended that to use Ketonal for more than 10 days in a row due to the risk of side effects. In general, according to medical observations, Ketonal is generally well tolerated by dogs, but rare cases of undesirable side effects do occur.

It must be remembered that the simultaneous use of corticosteroids enhances the undesirable effects of Ketonal, as well as other drugs of the NSAID group.

Vedaprofen is a drug specifically designed for dogs; produced by the Dutch company Intervet in the form of a gel for oral administration. Vedaprofen significantly exceeds medications in terms of safety (minimal risk of side effects) and has a pronounced anesthetic effect. Vedaprofen is sold in form of syringes with a convenient dispenser for the use of INSIDE. Recommended dosage of Vedaprofen: 0.5 mg/kg of body weight per day; duration of continuous use should not be more than 28 days.

Practical experience testifies to the high efficiency of Quadrisol in anesthesia of dogs with diseases of the joints in the postoperative period. However, twice we observed negative side effects (gastritis phenomena). The disadvantages of Quadrisol are the relatively high cost and the only form of release.

Why Carprofen Is Highly Recommended

Carprofen (Rimadyl) has also been specifically designed for dogs; produced by the American company Pfizer in the form of tablets and solution for injection. Carprofen is distinguished by the HIGHEST degree of safety when used in DOGS. Carprofen can enter the dog for years without interruption, without fear of side effects. Along with this, Carprofen also offers a powerful analgesic and anti-edema effect.

We widely use Rimadyl in the postoperative period in dogs; it is especially effective after spinal interventions and other highly traumatic operations.

In the treatment of diseases of the joints Rimadyl also proved to be an excellent anti-inflammatory and analgesic drug. We recommend the use of Rimadyl in the dosage specified by the manufacturer, i.e. 2 to 4 mg/kg body weight per day. The duration of Rimadyl should be determined by a doctor and depends on the specific conditions. Rimadyl is a relatively expensive drug, but its properties justify the price.

CosCom Writers
CosCom Writers

Cosmas Nwokafor

Founder, CosCom Inc.

In addition to serving as a senior writer for CosCom Writers, Cosmas Nwokafor is a photographer, a journalist, editor, freelance writer and a novelist who is passionate about telling creative stories. 

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